Norma Ware, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Global Health and Social Medicine
- Social and behavioral dimensions of HIV treatment and prevention in sub-Saharan Africa
- Delivery of health care in settings of economic scarcity
- Use of antiretrovirals to prevent HIV/AIDS acquisition
- Use of qualitative methods for health research
- Optimizing Delivery of ART/PrEP for HIV Prevention through Qualitative Research
- Decentralization to Expand Access to Community-Based HIV Treatment and Care in Plateau State, North Central Nigeria
- Retention in Decentralized HIV/AIDS Care
- Adherence to Antiretroviral Medications Used as Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) to Prevent HIV/AIDS Acquisition
- Development of Real-Time Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence Intervention in Uganda
- Changes in Alcohol Consumption in HIV-Positive Individuals in Uganda
- Linkage to HIV/AIDS Care Following Home-based Counseling and Testing
Norma C. Ware is a medical anthropologist and an associate professor in the Department of Psychiatry and the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Ware conducts research on social and behavioral dimensions of HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. Current research topics include: (1) decentralized delivery of HIV/AIDS treatment and care; (2) retention in HIV/AIDS treatment and care; (3) adherence to antiretroviral medications; (4) alcohol use among adults initiating antiretroviral therapy, and (5) the use of technology to improve treatment, care and clinical outcomes of HIV/AIDS in Africa. Beginning in Fall, 2013, Dr. Ware will lead a new research project evaluating the “bridging strategy” of delivering antiretrovirals for prevention to HIV-1 serodiscordant couples as part of the Partners Demonstration Project in Kampala, Uganda. In carrying out her research, Dr. Ware partners with the Center for Global Health at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA; the International Clinical Research Center at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA; Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria; the National Agency for the Control of AIDS, Abuja, Nigeria; the Infectious Diseases Institute of Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda; Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; and Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda. Dr. Ware teaches at Harvard Medical School and collaborates widely with colleagues interested in the application of qualitative methods to research on health. She also mentors junior investigators.
Adherence to Antiretroviral Prophylaxis for HIV Prevention: A Substudy Cohort within a Clinical Trial of Serodiscordant Couples in East Africa. September 10, 2013. PLoS medicine.
Testing experiences of HIV positive refugees in Nakivale Refugee Settlement in Uganda: informing interventions to encourage priority shifting. February 14, 2013. Conflict and health.
Reproductive Decision-Making and Periconception Practices Among HIV-Positive Men and Women Attending HIV Services in Durban, South Africa. February 1, 2013. AIDS and behavior.
Toward an Understanding of Disengagement from HIV Treatment and Care in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Qualitative Study. January 8, 2013. PLoS medicine.
A conceptual framework for understanding HIV risk behavior in the context of supporting fertility goals among HIV-serodiscordant couples. December 1, 2012. Reproductive health matters.
Reproductive counseling by clinic healthcare workers in Durban, South Africa: perspectives from HIV-infected men and women reporting serodiscordant partners. August 15, 2012. Infectious diseases in obstetrics and gynecology.
Socio-cultural and economic antecedents of adolescent sexual decision-making and HIV-risk in rural Uganda. July 27, 2012. AIDS care.
How treatment partners help: social analysis of an African adherence support intervention. July 1, 2012. AIDS and behavior.
High acceptability for cell phone text messages to improve communication of laboratory results with HIV-infected patients in rural Uganda: a cross-sectional survey study. June 21, 2012. BMC medical informatics and decision making.
What's love got to do with it? Explaining adherence to oral antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV-serodiscordant couples. April 15, 2012. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999).
Secondary migration and relocation among African refugee families in the United States. March 1, 2011. Family process.
Scaling up human papillomavirus vaccination: a conceptual framework of vaccine adherence. September 1, 2010. Sexual health.
Transportation costs impede sustained adherence and access to HAART in a clinic population in southwestern Uganda: a qualitative study. March 13, 2009. AIDS and behavior.
Explaining adherence success in sub-Saharan Africa: an ethnographic study. January 27, 2009. PLoS medicine.
Dialogues on mixed-methods and mental health services research: anticipating challenges, building solutions. July 1, 2008. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.).
Funneling Child Welfare Consumers into and through the Mental Health System: Assessment, Referral, and Quality Issues. June 1, 2008. The Social service review.
A theory of social integration as quality of life. January 1, 2008. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.).
Therapeutic communities and mental health system reform. January 1, 2008. Psychiatric rehabilitation journal.
Dialogues on Mixed-Methods Mental Health Services Research: Anticipating Challenges, Building Solutions January 1, 2008. Psychiatric Services.
Funneling Child Welfare Consumers into and through the Mental Health System: Assessment, Referral, and Quality Issues January 1, 2008. Social Service Review.
Dialogues on mixed-methods mental health services research: anticipating challenges, building solutions January 1, 2008. Psychiatric Services.
Case managers speak out: responding to depression in community long-term care. August 1, 2007. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.).
Connectedness and citizenship: redefining social integration. April 1, 2007. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.).
Psychometric evaluation of the Spanish version of CONNECT: a measure of continuity of care in mental health services. January 1, 2007. International journal of methods in psychiatric research.
A Crisis of Credibility: Concerns about the Psychiatric Care Received by Consumers of the Child Welfare System January 1, 2007. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research .
Connectedness and Citizenship: Re-defining Social Integration January 1, 2007. Psychiatric Services.
A Crisis of Credibility: Concerns about the Psychiatric Care Received by Consumers of the Child Welfare System January 1, 2007. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research.
Examining theoretic models of adherence for validity in resource-limited settings. A heuristic approach. December 1, 2006. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999).
Social relationships, stigma and adherence to antiretroviral therapy for HIV/AIDS. November 1, 2006. AIDS care.
A crisis of credibility: professionals' concerns about the psychiatric care provided to clients of the child welfare system. October 26, 2006. Administration and policy in mental health.
Associations between adherence to guidelines for antipsychotic dose and health status, side effects, and patient care experiences. September 1, 2006. Medical care.
Experiences of and attitudes toward mental health services among older youths in foster care. April 1, 2006. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.).
Paradoxical effects of clinician emphasis on adherence to combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV/AIDS. April 1, 2006. AIDS patient care and STDs.
Adherence without access to antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa? January 2, 2006. AIDS (London, England).
Youth Consumer views of mental health services January 1, 2006. Psychiatric Services.
Examining Theoretical Models of Adherence for validity in resource-limited settings: A heuristic approach January 1, 2006. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.
Examining Theoretic Models of Adherence for Validity in Resource-Limited Settings January 1, 2006. JAIDS, 43 (Supplement 1): S18-22, 2006..
Adherence, stereotyping and unequal HIV treatment for active users of illegal drugs. February 12, 2005. Social science & medicine (1982).
Adherence, Stereotyping and Unequal HIV Treatment for Active Users of Illegal Drugs. January 1, 2005. Social Science and Medicine.
Converting cultural capital among teen refugees and their families from Bosnia-Herzegovina. August 1, 2004. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.).
Family consequences of refugee trauma. June 1, 2004. Family process.
Practitioner relationships and quality of care for low-income persons with serious mental illness. May 1, 2004. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.).
An ethnographic study of converting cultural capital inteen refugees and their families from Bosnia-Herzegovina January 1, 2004. Psychiatric Services.
Patterns of adherence to HAART among active users of illegal drugs in the United States January 1, 2004. XV International AIDS Conference, Bangkok, Thailand .
Paradoxical effects of provider emphasis on adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV/AIDS January 1, 2004. XV International AIDS Conference, Bangkok, Thailand.
Social consequences of stigma and adherence to HAART January 1, 2004. XV International AIDS Conference, Bangkok, Thailand .
Ethnography and measurement in mental health: qualitative validation of a measure of continuity of care (CONNECT). December 1, 2003. Qualitative health research.
CONNECT: a measure of continuity of care in mental health services. December 1, 2003. Mental health services research.
Guideline recommendations for treatment of schizophrenia: the impact of managed care. April 1, 2003. Archives of general psychiatry.
Clinician experiences of managed mental health care: a rereading of the threat. March 1, 2000. Medical anthropology quarterly.
Toward a model of social course in chronic illness: the example of chronic fatigue syndrome. September 1, 1999. Culture, medicine and psychiatry.
An ethnographic study of the meaning of continuity of care in mental health services. March 1, 1999. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.).
Access and adherence to combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV/AIDS in injection drug users: a social course perspective January 1, 1999. Marshall P, Singer M, Clatts M (eds) Integrating cultural, observational and epidemiologic research in the prevention of drug abuse and HIV/AIDS: current status and future prospects.
Evolving consumer households: An experiment in community living for persons with severe psychiatric disorders January 1, 1999. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal.
Sociosomatics and illness in chronic fatigue syndrome. July 1, 1998. Psychosomatic medicine.
Poverty and rehabilitation in severe mental disorders January 1, 1997. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal.
Housing persons who are homeless and mentally ill: independent living or evolving consumer households? January 1, 1997. Breakey W, Thompson JW (eds) Mentally ill and homeless: special programs for special needs.
Health status in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and in general population and disease comparison groups. September 1, 1996. The American journal of medicine.
Women's mental and behavioral health January 1, 1995. Desjarlais R, Eisenberg L, Good B, Kleinman A (eds) World Mental Health.
Neurasthenia and the social construction of psychiatric knowledge January 1, 1994. Transcultural Psychiatric Research Review.
Illness behavior and the health transition in the developing world January 1, 1994. Chen LC, Kleinman A, Ware NC (eds) Health and social change in international perspective.
An anthropological approach to understanding chronic fatigue syndrom January 1, 1994. Straus S (ed) Chronic fatigue syndrome.
Health and social change in international perspective January 1, 1994. Health and social change in international perspective.
Prevalence of fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome in a primary care practice. December 27, 1993. Archives of internal medicine.
Society, mind and body in chronic fatigue syndrome: an anthropological view. January 1, 1993. Ciba Foundation symposium.
Culture and somatic experience: the social course of illness in neurasthenia and chronic fatigue syndrome. September 1, 1992. Psychosomatic medicine.
Advancing health in developing countries: the contribution of social science research January 1, 1992. Advancing health in developing countries: the contribution of social science research.
Suffering and the social construction of illness: the delegitimation of illness experience in chronic fatigue syndrome January 1, 1992. Medical Anthropology Quarterly.
An anthropological approach to social science research on the health transition January 1, 1992. Chen LC, Kleinman AM, Ware NC (eds) Advancing health in developing countries: the contributions of social science research.
Empowerment and the transition to housing for persons who are homeless and mentally ill: an anthropological perspective January 1, 1992. New England Journal of Public Policy.
Depression in neurasthenia and chronic fatigue syndrome January 1, 1992. Psychiatric Annals.
Sex differences in the choice of college science majors January 1, 1988. American Educational Research Journal.
The prevalence of bulimia among college students. September 1, 1986. American journal of public health.
Undergraduate women: who chooses a science major? January 1, 1985. Journal of Higher Education.
GH701.0 Qualitative Methods for Global Health Research
Harvard Medical School
Department of Global Health and Social Medicine
641 Huntington Ave
Boston MA 02115