GLOBAL HEALTH & SOCIAL MEDICINE
Dr. Kaufman teaches, advises, conducts research on global health policy issues and also works as the NY based Director for Academic Programs for the Schwarzman Scholars Program, a new one-year masters in global affairs modeled on the Rhodes Scholars program and based at Tsinghua University in China. She was previously the Director of Columbia University’s Global Center for East Asia, Distinguished Scientist at Brandeis University, founder and Director of the AIDS Public Policy Program at the Harvard Kennedy School, and the China team leader for the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, a public-private partnership based in New York. She has served as program officer for both the United Nations Population Fund and the Ford Foundation in their China offices. She holds a doctorate in public health from Harvard, was a fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Studies, and named as a Soros Reproductive Health and Rights fellow. Dr. Kaufman speaks Mandarin and has lived in China for more than 15 years, working closely with the government and key donors on many aspects of HIV prevention and service provision and community participation, reproductive health improvement, and women’s rights achievement. Her research projects focus on building the capacity for government and nongovernmental-organization collaboration on China’s AIDS response, improving reproductive health services for poor women, developing and evaluating mental health counseling interventions for AIDS orphans, and examining social policies and demographic evidence related to the impacts of China’s one-child population policy. She has collaborated with global research networks aimed at improving the integration of HIV/AIDS and reproductive health services and to improve women’s participation in health planning in poor communities in Asia and Africa aimed at reducing maternal mortality and morbidity and improving diagnosis and treatment of reproductive-tract infections. Current projects include a focus on China’s health aid to Africa, China’s increasing participation in global health governance mechanisms, and an in-depth examination of adolescent health needs in China and globally. Her overall research and teaching focuses on gender, population and global health policy and governance issues including health and trade, health and climate change, emerging infectious diseases and health security.
Joan Kaufman, MA, MS, ScD, is the Director for Academic Programs for the Schwarzman Scholars Program. She is also a lecturer on global health and social medicine at Harvard Medical School. She was previously the director of Columbia University’s Global Center for East Asia, founder and director of the AIDS Public Policy Program as well as principal and faculty affiliate of the Hauser Center for Nonprofit Organizations at Harvard’s Kennedy School, and distinguished scientist and senior lecturer at the Heller School for Social Policy and Management at Brandeis University. From 2012-2016 she directed Columbia University’s Global Center for East Asia, one of eight global centers working with the university to lead work on issues of global concern, and was Associate Professor of Health Policy and Management at the Mailman School of Public Health. From 2008-2011, she was the associate director for academics for the masters in science program in international health policy and management, one of two sustainable international development master’s degree programs at the Heller School, Brandeis University. Dr. Kaufman also worked as the China team leader for the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative from 2002 to 2012. Dr. Kaufman was the first UNFPA international program officer in China in the 1980s and from 1996 to 2001, she was the Ford Foundation’s reproductive health program officer for China based in Beijing.
She spent 2001–2002 as a Radcliffe fellow at Harvard and 2005-2006 as a Soros reproductive health and rights fellow. In 2002, she founded the AIDS Public Policy Project at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, a program which trained government officials in China and Vietnam about the multi-sectoral and governance requirements for an effective HIV/AIDS response.
She holds a doctorate in public health from the Harvard School of Public Health, master’s degrees in Asian studies and health and medical sciences from UC Berkeley, and BA cum laude in Chinese studies from Trinity College. She has published widely on AIDS, reproductive health, gender, population and international health policy, emerging infectious diseases, and civil society and health with a focus on China.
AIDS care, August 13, 2012
Science (New York, N.Y.), October 8, 2010
The Journal of infectious diseases, February 15, 2008
Studies in family planning, March 1, 2006
International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases, March 1, 2003
Reproductive health matters, November 1, 2002
Biological psychiatry, September 15, 2002
Science (New York, N.Y.), June 28, 2002
Joan Kaufman, Arthur Kleinman, Tony Saich, editors, "AIDS and Social Policy in China." Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center Publications, 2006.
Joan Kaufman, :A Billion and Counting: Family Planning Campaigns and Policies in the People's Republic of China." San Francisco: San Francisco Press, 1983.
Chapters in Books
Joan Kaufman, “Involvement of Civil Society Organizations in National AIDS Programs in China: Impact of the new Foreign NGO Law on China’s AIDS response.” In Confronting HIV/AIDS in the era of rapid political/economic change in China edited by Zunyou Wu, Roger Detels, Marc Bulterys (Springer, forthcoming)
Joan Kaufman, Mary Ann Burris, Eve Wenjing Lee, Susan Jolly, “Reproductive Health in China: The Contributions of the Ford Foundation and the United Nations” in Peter Geithner, Lincoln Chen editors, Health Philanthropy in China (Indiana University Press, 2014). pp155-174.
Joan Kaufman, “Turning Points in China’s Fight Against AIDS since 1985” in Everett Yuehong Zhang and Arthur Kleinman, Tu Weiming, editors, Governance of Life in Chinese Moral Experience: The Quest for an Adequate Life, Routledge, 2011, pp.163-181.
Joan Kaufman, “Public Health Policy in China” in Politics in China: An Introduction, William A. Joseph, editor, Oxford University Press, 2010, pp. 288-297. (revised and updated edition 2014)
Joan Kaufman, “The Role of NGOs in China’s AIDS Response – Update, Challenges and Possibilities” in Jonathan Schwartz and Shawn Shieh, editors, Serving the People: State-Society Negotiations and Welfare Provision in China. Routledge, 2009, pp. 156-173.
Joan Kaufman, “Measuring Reproductive Health: Moving from Contraceptive Prevalence to Human Development Indicators” in Laura Reichenbach and Mindy Jane Roseman, editors, Reproductive Health and Human Rights: The Way Forward University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009, pp. 72-88.
Joan Kaufman, Arthur Kleinman, Tony Saich, “Introduction: Social Policy and HIV/AIDS in China” in Joan Kaufman, Arthur Kleinman, Tony Saich, editors, AIDS and Social Policy in China Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center Publications, 2006, pp. 3-14.
Joan Kaufman and Kathrine Meyers, “Research for AIDS Policy in China and Data Gaps for Planning the Response” in Joan Kaufman, Arthur Kleinman, Tony Saich, editors, AIDS and Social Policy in China Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center Publications, 2006 pp. 47-71.
Yuanli Liu and Joan Kaufman, “Controlling HIV/AIDS in China: Health System Challenges” in Joan Kaufman, Arthur Kleinman, Tony Saich, editors, AIDS and Social Policy in China Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center Publications, 2006, pp. 75-95.
Zhang Beichuan and Joan Kaufman “The Rights of People with Same Sex Sexual Behavior: Recent Progress and Continuing Challenges in China” in Geeta Misra and Radhika Chandiramani editors, Sexuality, Gender and Rights: Exploring Theory and Practice in South and South East Asia, New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2005, pp. 113-130.
Tony Saich and Joan Kaufman, “Financial Reform, Poverty, and the Impact on Reproductive Health Provision: evidence from three rural townships” in Yasheng Huang, Anthony Saich, and Edward Steinfeld, eds. Financial Sector Reform in China. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center Publications, 2005, pp. 178-203.
Kaufman, Joan “SARS and China’s Health System Response: Better to be both Red and Expert!” in Arthur Kleinman and James L. Watson, eds, SARS in China: Prelude to Pandemic? Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2005, pp. 53-68.
Kaufman, Joan, Zhang Erli, Xie Zhenming, “Family Planning Quality of Care in China: Scaling Up a Pilot Project into a National Reform Program” in From Pilot Projects to Policies and Programs: Strategies for Scaling Up Innovations in Health Service Delivery Geneva: World Health Organization, 2005, pp. 65-83.
Kaufman, Joan, “Financing, Provision, and Use of Reproductive Health Services in Rural China”, The Implications of Health Sector Reform for Reproductive Health and Rights, Report of a Meeting of the Working Group for Reproductive Health and Family Planning, Center for Health and Gender Equity and the Population Council (NY: The Population Council, 1999)
Zhang Kaining, Gu Xingyuan, Kaufman, Joan, “A Study of the Financing, Provision and Utilization of Reproductive Health Service in Rural China: Methodology, Findings, and Recommendations” in Virginia Li and Wang Shaoxian, editors: Collaboration and Participation: Women’s Reproductive Health of Yunnan, China (Beijing Medical University Press, 1998)
Kaufman, Joan, Yan Liqin, Wang Tongyin, “Reproductive Tract Infections: A Serious, Under-recognized, Complex Health Problem in China” in Virginia Li and Wang Shaoxian, editors: Collaboration and Participation: Women’s Reproductive Health of Yunnan, China (Beijing Medical University Press, 1998)
Kaufman, Joan and Gita Sen, "Population, Health and Gender in Vietnam: Social Policies Under the Economic Reforms" in Bjorge Lunggren editor: The Challenge of Reform in Indochina (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993).
Kaufman, Joan, "Adolescent Pregnancy and Sexuality: Lessons from the Developing World" in R. Morgan and B. Rao, editors, Global Learning for Health (Washington, D.C.: National Council for International Health, 1993).
Kaufman, Joan, "Steroid Contraceptives and Women's Response: Program Considerations from the Quality of Care Perspective" in Sheldon Segal and Rachel Snow, editors: Steroid Contraception and Women's Response (New York: Plenum Press, 1984).
Kaufman, J. (2017). Infectious Change: Reinventing Chinese Public Health after an Epidemic Katherine A. Mason Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2016 xiii 252 pp. The China Quarterly, 229, 240-242. doi:10.1017/S0305741017000364
Shuang Lin, Liangmin Gao, Melissa Reyes, Feng Cheng, Joan Kaufman and Wafaa M. El-Sadr. China’s health assistance to Africa: opportunism or altruism?. Globalization and Health 2016 12:83. 3 December 2016.
Dong (Roman) Xu, Feng Cheng,, Yingyao Chen, Yuantao Hao, Judith Wasserheit, Jing Gu, Shenglan Tang, Shuiyuan Xiao, Yangmu Huang, Joan Kaufman, Howard Frumkin, Jiayan Huang, Chun Yuan, Azita Emami, Linqi Zhang, Hong Wang, Lincoln Chen, Yan Guo, Yongquan Tian, Mengfeng Li, and Stephen Gloyd. The Lancet , Volume 388 , Issue 10054 , 1860 - 1862.
Thomas Harmon , Wei Guo, John Stover , Zunyou Wu, Joan Kaufman, Kammerle Schneider, Li Liu, Liao Feng and Bernard Schwartländer, “The Potential Impact of Preventive HIV Vaccines in China: Results and Benefits of a Multi-Province Modeling Collaboration” , Vaccines 2015, 3, 1-19; doi:10.3390/vaccines3010001
Kaufman, Joan, Wu Zeng, Liyao Wang, Ying Zhang, “Community-based mental health counseling for children orphaned by AIDS in China”, AIDS Care (published online August 13, 2012) Volume 25, Number 4, 1 April 2013, pp. 430-437(8)
Kaufman, Joan, book review: Sexual and Reproductive Health in China: Reorienting Concepts and Methodology, Zhang Kaining, editor. Studies in Family Planning, Volume 43, Number 3, September 2012, pp 236-238
Kaufman, Joan (2012): China's evolving AIDS policy: the influence of global norms and transnational non-governmental organizations, Contemporary Politics, 18:2, 225-238
Kaufman, Joan “The Global Women’s Movement and Chinese Women’s Rights”, Journal of Contemporary China, Volume 21, No. 76, 2012, pp 585-602
Kaufman, Joan, Yunguo Liu, Fang Jing, “Improving Reproductive Health in China through Participatory Planning” Global Public Health, (published online May 11, 2012), Vol. 7, No.8, September 2012, pp.856-868
Kaufman, Joan “HIV, Sex Work and Civil Society in China” Journal of Infectious Diseases, 204 (Suppl 5) : S1218-S1222 (2011) (Co-editor of Supplement)
Tucker, Joseph D, Joan Kaufman, Jacqueline Bhabha, and Arthur Kleinman, “Sex Work and Sexually Transmitted Infections in Asia: A Biosocial Approach” Journal of Infectious Diseases, 204 (Suppl 5) 2011: S1203-S1205. (Co-editor of Supplement) 8
Anita Asiime, Angelique K. Rwiyeraka, Joan A. Kaufman, Donald S. Shepard, 2010, AIDS Funds: Undervalued, Science, Vol. 330, 8 October, pp. 174-175 (letter to the editor)
Kaufman, Joan, “Turning Points in China’s AIDS Response” China: An International Journal Volume 8, Number 1, March, 2010, pp. 63-84.
Fang Jing and Joan Kaufman, “Reproductive Health in China: improve the means to the end” The Lancet Volume 372, issue 9650, November 8, 2008, pp. 1619-1620.
Yu, Dongbao, Yves Souteyrand, Mazuwa A Banda, Joan Kaufman, Joseph H. Perriens, “Investment in HIV/AIDS Programs: Does it help to strengthen health systems in developing countries?” Globalization and Health, 2008, 4:8, pp. 1-31.
Kaufman, Joan, “China’s Health Care System and Avian Influenza Preparedness” Journal of Infectious Diseases, (J Infect Dis), Feb 15, 2008,197 Supp. 1:S7-13.
Kaufman, Joan, Zhang Erli, Xie Zhenming, “Family Planning Quality of Care in China: Scaling Up a Pilot Project into a National Reform Program” Studies in Family Planning, Vol 37 No.1, March 2006, pp. 17-28.
Kaufman, Joan “China: The Intersections Between Poverty, Health Inequity, Reproductive Health and AIDS”, Development 48:4, Winter 2005, pp. 113-119.
Kaufman, Joan “Reproductive Health Policy and Programs in China: Opportunities for Responding to China’s AIDS Epidemic”, Yale-China Health Journal Vol. 2 Autumn 2003, pp. 83-94.
Kaufman, Joan “The Myths and Realities of China’s Population Program”, Harvard Asia Quarterly VII:1, 2003, pp. 21-25.
Kaufman JA and Fang J, “Health Services Privatisation and the Reproductive Health of Rural Chinese Women” Reproductive Health Matters 10 (20), December 2002, pp. 108-116.
Kaufman JA, Jun J, “China and AIDS: The Time to Act is Now” Science 296 (5577): June 28, 2002, pp. 2339-2340.
Rogers, SJ, Liu Y, Yan TX, Kee F, Kaufman J, “Reaching and Identifying The STD/HIV Risk of Sex Workers in Beijing” AIDS Education and Prevention 14 (3), 2002, pp. 217-227.
Kaufman, Joan, “The Gender and Reproductive Health Impacts of Health Sector Reform in Asia” Editorial, ARROWS for Change, Asia Research and Resource Organization for Women, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2001.
Temin MJ, Okonofua FE, Omorodion FI, Renne EP, Coplan P, Heggenhougen HK, Kaufman JA, “Perceptions of Sexual Behavior and Knowledge About Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Adolescents in Benin City, Nigeria” International Family Planning Perspectives 25:4. 1999.
Okonofua FE, Oganor JI, Omorodion FI, Coplan PM, Temin MT, Kaufman JA, Heggenhougen KO. “Assessment of health services for treatment of sexually transmitted infections among Nigerian adolescents” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 26:3, 185-190, 1999
Kaufman J, Yan LQ, Wang TY, “A Study of Field-based Methods for Diagnosing Reproductive Tract Infections in Rural Yunnan Province, China” Studies in Family Planning 30:2, June,1999. 9
Amazigo U, Silva N, Kaufman J, Obikeze DS, “Sexual Activity and Contraceptive Knowledge and Use Among In-School Adolescents in Nigeria” International Family Planning Perspectives 23:1, 1997, pp. 28-33.
Kaufman JA, Zhang KN, Fang J, “Reproductive Health Financing, Service Availability and Needs in Rural China” IDS Bulletin, 28:1, January 1997
Moran J, Kaufman JA, Felsenstein D, "Survey of Health Care Providers: Who Sees Patients Needing STD Services, and What Services Do They Provide?" Sexually Transmitted Diseases 22:1, January/February 1995.
Kaufman, Joan, "The Cost of IUD Failure in China" Studies in Family Planning 24:3, May/June 1993.
Kaufman, Joan, "Women and AIDS in Developing Countries," `Viewpoint' Harvard AIDS Report, Harvard AIDS Institute, (Spring 1993).
Kaufman, Joan; Zhang Zhirong; Qiao Xinjian; Zhang Yang; "The Creation of Family Planning Service Stations in China" International Family Planning Perspectives 18:1, March 1992.
Kaufman, Joan; Zhang Zhirong; Qiao Xinjian; Zhang Yang; "The Quality of Family Planning Services in Rural China" Studies in Family Planning 23:2, March/April 1992.
Kaufman, Joan; Zhang Zhirong; Qiao Xinjian; Zhang Yang; "Family Planning Policy and Practice in China: A Study of Four Rural Counties" Population and Development Review 15:4, December 1989.
Kaufman, Joan, "Where Family Planning Really Counts: HSPH Student's Diary in Rural China" Newsletter of the Joint Committee on the Status of Women, Harvard Medical Area, Vol.3, No.3, 1988; Vol.4, No.1, 1989.
Kaufman, Joan, "Fertility and Choice for Women in China," WID Working Paper No. 11 (Women and International Development Program, Harvard University/MIT, Cambridge, MA, 1985.)
Chinese Language Journals
Kaufman, Joan “How far have we come? Imagining the China AIDS Scene without Friends Exchange and thoughts on the challenges ahead”, Friend Exchange (Pengyou)”, No. 74, May 2010, pp.171-174
Yan LQ, Wang TY, Kaufman J, “A Community Study of Women’s Reproductive Infections and Related Morbidity, Risk Factors in Rural Yunnan Province, China” Modern Preventive Medicine 24:3, 1997, pp. 269-272.
Zhang KN, Kaufman J, Gu XY, “A Study of the Financing, Provision and Utilization of Reproductive Health Services in Rural China: the research methodologies and sites” Chinese Primary Health Care, special issue, 11:9, 1997, pp. 2-4.
Fang J, Kaufman J, Zhang KN, “Quality Assessment of Basic Reproductive Health Services at Township and Village Levels” Chinese Primary Health Care, special issue, 11:950-53, 1997
Fang J, Kaufman J, Zhang KN, “Women’s Reproductive Tract Infections Disease: an important reproductive health issue” Chinese Primary Health Care, special issue, 11:9, 1997, pp. 54-55.
Fang J, Zhang KN, Wu YS, Gao TY, Kaufman J, “Delivery Care in Poor Rural Areas, Problems and Recommendations” Chinese Primary Health Care, special issue, 11:9, 1997, pp. 63-65. 10
Fang J, Zhang KN, Xiao X, Kaufman J, Gu XY, “An Analysis of Factors Affecting Poor Rural Women’s Utilization to the Elementary Reproductive Health Services”, Chinese Primary Health Care, special issue, 11:9, 1997, pp. 46-50.
Tong SY, Liu W, Zhang KN, Gerald Bloom, Gu XY, Kaufman J, “Measurement Methodology of Cost and Effectiveness of Elementary Reproductive Health Services at the Township Level” Chinese Primary Health Care, special issue, 11:9, 1997, pp. 23-25.
Fang J, Zhang KN, Gu XY, Kaufman J, “Two Methodologies to Assess Women’s Needs for Reproductive Health Services”, Chinese Primary Health Care, special issue, 11:9, 1997, pp. 7-9.
Zhang KN, Kaufman JA, Wang AL, Du KL, Jiang D, “Why do Local Women Under-use the Existing MCH Care Prepay Scheme?” Population Research 20:6, 1996.
Wang TY, Yan LQ, Kaufman J, “Study on the risk factors of genital chlamydia trachomatis infections in rural childbearing age women in Yunnan” Yunnan Journal of Preventive Medicine 1:1, 1996, pp. 2-5.
Zhang KN, Kaufman J, Wang AL, Du KL, Jiang D, “Community Participation in Reproductive Health Services: Lessons learned from a case study on MCH Care Pre-pay Scheme” Population Research 20:6, 1996, pp. 36-44.
Newspaper Editorials and Blogs
Joan Kaufman, guest blogger, China’s New Two Child Policy: Too Little, Too Late, Council on Foreign Relations, December 1, 2016
Joan Kaufman, “Can China Cure Its Severe Acute Reluctance to Speak (SARS)?”
Washington Post, Outlook Section, page 1, April 27, 2003.
Joan Kaufman, “The SARS Outbreak: Old, New China Aided Epidemic: Economic Focus has weakened Mao’s Health System” San Jose Mercury News, Perspectives Section, page 1, 3, May 11, 2003.
Television and Radio/Podcasts
Interview on Jim Lehrer News Hour, Public Television, on SARS, April 28, 2003
Sinica Podcast (SupChina), Joan Kaufman on foreign nonprofits and academia in China, July 2017
The Connection, National Public Radio, Guest, “China’s AIDS Epidemic: The New Red Scare?” July 2002